โดย : |
Professor Dr. Klaus Abbink จาก CBESS, School of Economics, University of East Anglia, ประเทศอังกฤษ
สถานที่ : |
ห้องประชุมชั้น 5 คณะเศรษฐศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ ท่าพระจันทร์
Abstract : |
The defining figure of neoclassical economic theory, the homo oeconomicus, has long been challenged by both experimental economics and social psychology. People are, as we now know from many experimental studies on dictator games, ultimatum games or public good games, not own-payoff maximising egoists, but compassionate social beings who care about fairness and the well-being of others. However, the focus on kind behaviour in the literature may be inappropriately one-sided. In a series of experiments presented here we ask whether there is also a dark side of human behaviour. We show that nastiness, which we define as a genuine pleasure derived from lowering the well-being of others, is a common trait in humans. We explore strategic situations in which spite and nastiness can result in disastrous outcomes, and which institutional arrangements exacerbate or harness the effects of nastiness.